Europeâs tangled reopening: Travel bubbles, border deals, airline corridors.
If the reopening of offices, restaurants and other public places has seemed dizzying, the rules on travel between nations are shaping up to be bewildering.
Travel bubbles and airline corridors to allow free movement between certain cities or countries, quarantines and an assortment of other measures add up to a puzzle for even the most intrepid traveler.
Nowhere are the logistical challenges more daunting than in Europe, where the pandemic brought a sudden return of borders between the 26 countries that are part of the so-called Schengen zone. Optimistic pronouncements about easing restrictions for summer travelers have run into the reality of a patchwork of policies.
âIt would be great if all this could be compressed into something easy to understand, but it is a very complex picture,â said Adalbert Jahnz, a spokesman for home affairs, migration and citizenship at the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union.
European officials are working on an interactive map explaining all the rules among member states. But it will offer a confounding picture of closed and open borders, with individual member states reaching bilateral and multilateral agreements with neighbors.
For instance, Bulgaria, Serbia and Greece are expected to open borders to each other on June 1. Greece, desperate to save its tourism industry, also released an expanded list on Friday of 29 countries from which it will allow travel starting June 15.
The Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia have started implementing a similar arrangement.
France, Germany and other West European nations have talked about easing border controls to other E.U. member states on June 15, the day the European Commissionâs guidance calling for the suspension of nonessential travel into the E.U. will expire.
Travel from outside the bloc may prove an even more difficult question.
If the European border-free zone is restored, then when one country lets in travelers from outside, it means that every country has effectively done so.
The European Commission, which can only offer guidance, is still discussing what posture to take. But officials said that a middle position âÂ more targeted restrictions on countries based on criteria like virus caseloads â was unlikely to be attractive, because it would create a whole set of scientific, diplomatic and political challenges.
If there is one bright spot for believers in a united Europe, it is that the value of open borders among its countries will likely not soon be taken for granted after this pandemic is over.
For Mr. Jahnz of the commission, the crisis has shown âjust how essential borderless travel is to our economy and our way of life.â
Many of the most populous cities in the United States moved cautiously toward reopening key businesses on Friday.
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York said he expected New York City, where more than 20,000 people have died from the virus, to meet several benchmarks that would allow retail stores to open for curbside or in-store pickup, as well as restarting nonessential construction and manufacturing. As many as 400,000 people could go back to work in that initial phase.
Other major cities that have faced death and economic calamity, like Washington and Los Angeles, also announced plans to continue their reopenings by allowing restaurants, hair salons and barbershops to open their doors, with new safety guidelines.
Mr. Cuomo joins many officials around the world in deciding that the benefits of reviving economies outweigh the risks of new infections. But as the global coronavirus caseload approaches six million, other countries are learning that the risks donât vanish overnight:
In India, a nation of 1.3 billion people, a severe lockdown has been eased and may end entirely as soon as Sunday. But migrant workers are becoming infected at an alarmingly high rate, leading to fresh outbreaks in villages across the north, and hospitals in Mumbai are overwhelmed.
In Iraq, all travel between provinces has been stopped for a second time. Baghdad was almost completely still on Friday, and stay-at-home orders were enforced by neighborhood blockades
In Israel, where schools reopened weeks ago, more than 100 new cases were reported on Friday, the level that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had warned would prompt the reinstatement of a strict lockdown.
After spending weeks accusing the World Health Organization of helping the Chinese government cover up the early days of the coronavirus epidemic in China, President Trump said on Friday that the United States would terminate its relationship with the agency.
âThe world is now suffering as a result of the malfeasance of the Chinese government,â Mr. Trump said in a speech in the Rose Garden. âCountless lives have been taken, and profound economic hardship has been inflicted all around the globe.âThere is no evidence that the W.H.O. or the government in Beijing hid the extent of the epidemic in China, and public health experts generally view Mr. Trumpâs charges as a way to deflect attention from his administrationâs own bungled response to the virusâs spread in the United States.
A spokeswoman for the W.H.O. in Geneva, where word of Mr. Trumpâs announcement arrived around 9 p.m., said the agency would not have a response until Saturday.
Public health experts in the United States reacted with alarm.
The decision âwill increase death rates around the world from Covid-19 and other diseases,â Dr. Keith Martin, the executive director of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health, said in a statement, adding that the worldâs poor would be most affected.
âWe helped create the W.H.O.,â said Dr. Thomas Frieden, the former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which has worked with the organization since its creation in 1948. âTurning our back on the W.H.O. makes us and the world less safe,â he added.
A Cambodian major general has died of the coronavirus while on a U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali, Cambodian officials said Saturday, the second such death among peacekeepers stationed around the world.
Maj. Gen. Sor Savy, 63, who died on Friday, was deployed to the troubled African nation in April last year. Before the pandemic hit, forcing the United Nations to delay troop rotations, he and his team had been scheduled to return home last month.
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Friday that Covid-19 had claimed its first two victims among the peacekeepers but did not identify them by name. A peacekeeper from El Salvador died of the illness on Thursday.
Mr. Guterres said the pandemic had changed how peacekeeping troops operate but had not altered their âservice, sacrifice and selflessness.â
More than 95,000 men and women serve in 13 U.N. missions around the world. U.N. officials say there are 137 confirmed cases of the virus among peacekeepers, most of them in Mali.
Cambodia contributes about 800 troops to the U.N. missions, including 300 in Mali. Two other Cambodian peacekeepers stationed there tested positive, Cambodian officials said.
âSor Savyâs death is a huge sacrifice of a Cambodian soldier in a humanitarian mission under the U.N. umbrella and the loss of a bright Cambodian soldier,â a spokesman for Cambodiaâs Defense Ministry, Chhum Socheat, said in a Facebook post on Saturday.
Medical experts worried that would blind the country to the spread of infection, allowing cases to explode and swamping hospitals. But instead Japan â the grayest country in the world, and a popular tourist destination with large, crowded cities â has one of the lowest mortality rates from Covid-19 among major nations.
Japanâs medical system has not been overwhelmed, and its government never forced businesses to close, although many chose to. This week, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared Japanâs battle against the outbreak a resounding success and took the country off a sort of âlockdown liteâ that had lasted only a month and a half.
âBy doing things in a uniquely Japanese way, we were able to almost completely end this wave of infection,â Mr. Abe said, adding that what he called the âJapan modelâ offered a path out of the global pandemic.
Itâs still unclear, though, exactly what accounts for Japanâs achievement and what other countries can learn from it. Critics say Japan undercounted coronavirus deaths. And some warn that further waves of infection could undermine the governmentâs self-congratulatory pronouncements.
This should be the moment for Aleksei A. Navalny, Russiaâs most visible opposition leader.
Many Russians are enraged with the Kremlin over its botched handling of the coronavirus pandemic. President Vladimir V. Putinâs approval rating, at 59 percent, is at its lowest ebb since 1999, when he was a lowly prime minister.
At the same time, Mr. Navalnyâs audience for his YouTube livestreaming channel tripled as the virus took hold. But whether Mr. Navalny can capitalize on the opportunity remains to be seen.
As Russia fights the coronavirus, the countryâs beleaguered opposition, too, finds itself on the back foot. Its proven approach to effecting change â mass street protest â will not be viable for the foreseeable future.
Mr. Navalny and his colleagues are left working from home, pumping out video clips, petitions and social media posts to try to channel the anger of Russians who wonder why Mr. Putin has not done more to help them during the biggest domestic crisis of his tenure.
Mr. Navalny, a 43-year-old lawyer and anticorruption activist, has needled Mr. Putin as corrupt and incompetent for more than a decade, dubbing him the head of âa party of crooks and thieves.â He maintains a nationwide network of branch offices and has honed punchy, populist and sometimes nationalist rhetoric, which reaches millions of social-media followers well beyond the urban middle class.
Along the way, he has spent stints in jail and under house arrest, and the authorities have raided his offices and frozen his bank accounts. But the Kremlin has continued to let him operate, perhaps fearing that tougher action would only raise his popularity and standing.
Mr. Navalny says the Kremlin is losing the support of Russians who had backed Mr. Putin as their guarantor of order and stability. In confrontations over Ukraine and Syria, Mr. Putin cut the figure of a tough, determined leader.
But when a major crisis hit at home â the countryâs total of 387,623 coronavirus infections is the third-highest in the world â Mr. Putin appeared to waffle. He issued confusing edicts, delegated key decisions to regional governors and struggled for weeks to get local officials to pay out bonuses he had promised to medical workers.
The Premier Leagueâs 665-page handbook lays out how club must be run, what players must wear while performing off-field duties and other finer points surrounding the operations of the worldâs most popular domestic sports league.
But two months after its season was suspended, the Premier League has finally resisted the temptation to pretend that it never happened. There is already a 50-page appendix to the handbook governing how teams should safely return to training. And, with a raft of potential caveats, matches will return on June 17.
âThe arrival of an aggressive pathogen is, after all, not the only thing that might have caused the cessation of soccer,â Rory writes. âWar has done it in the past, civil unrest has done it elsewhere, and player strikes have managed it in other sports.â
As countries begin rolling out plans to restart their economies after the brutal shock inflicted by the coronavirus pandemic, the three biggest producers of planet-warming gases â the European Union, the United States and China â are writing scripts that push humanity in very different directions.
Europe this week laid out a vision of a green future, with a proposed recovery package worth more than $800 billion that would transition the bloc away from fossil fuels and put people to work making old buildings energy-efficient.
China has given a green light to building new coal plants, but it also declined to set specific economic growth targets for this year â a move that came as a relief to environmentalists, because it reduced the pressure to turn up the countryâs industrial machine quickly.
What course these giant economies set is crucial if the world is to have a fighting chance to head off the blistering heat, droughts and wildfires that are the hallmarks of a fast-warming planet.
Just as their recovery plans are taking shape, though, the political pressure on world leaders switched off: On Thursday, the United Nations announced that the next round of global climate talks, which had been slated for Glasgow in November, would be delayed.
The virus-induced lockdowns around the world have resulted in a sharp drop in greenhouse gas emissions in recent months, but the decline was nowhere near enough to shake loose the thick blanket of gases that already wraps the planet. More important, greenhouse gas emissions are expected to go back up as countries reopen, especially if their recovery packages donât pivot away from fossil fuels.
The vote was 5 to 4, with Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. joining the courtâs four-member liberal wing to form a majority. It was the courtâs first attempt to balance the public health crisis against the Constitutionâs protection of religious freedom. It also it expanded the courtâs engagement with the consequences of the pandemic, after rulings on voting in Wisconsin and prisons in Texas and Ohio.
âAlthough Californiaâs guidelines place restrictions on places of worship, those restrictions appear consistent with the free exercise clause of the First Amendment,â Chief Justice Roberts wrote in an opinion concurring in the unsigned ruling.
âSimilar or more severe restrictions apply to comparable secular gatherings, including lectures, concerts, movie showings, spectator sports and theatrical performances, where large groups of people gather in close proximity for extended periods of time,â the chief justice wrote. âAnd the order exempts or treats more leniently only dissimilar activities, such as operating grocery stores, banks and laundromats, in which people neither congregate in large groups nor remain in close proximity for extended periods.â
Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Neil M. Gorsuch and Brett M. Kavanaugh dissented.
âThe church and its congregants simply want to be treated equally to comparable secular businesses,â Justice Kavanaugh wrote in a dissenting opinion joined by Justices Thomas and Gorsuch. âCalifornia already trusts its residents and any number of businesses to adhere to proper social distancing and hygiene practices.â
âThe state cannot,â Justice Kavanaugh wrote, quoting from an appeals court decision in a different case, ââassume the worst when people go to worship but assume the best when people go to work or go about the rest of their daily lives in permitted social settings.ââ
The case was brought by the South Bay United Pentecostal Church in Chula Vista, which said Gov. Gavin Newsom, a Democrat, had lost sight of the special status of religion in the constitutional structure.
âThe Covid-19 pandemic is a national tragedy,â lawyers for the church wrote in their Supreme Court brief, âbut it would be equally tragic if the federal judiciary allowed the âfog of warâ to act as an excuse for violating fundamental constitutional rights.â
Monkeys in India escaped with Covid-19 blood samples.
A troop of monkeys has attacked a lab technician in a town near Indiaâs capital, snatching blood samples of three coronavirus patients who were being treated at a university hospital.
The technician in Meerut, outside New Delhi, was carrying the samples for routine tests at Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College on Tuesday when the monkeys struck.
âMonkeys have been a big menace here,â said Dr. S.K. Garg, the collegeâs principal. âEarlier, patients themselves would feed them, and now it seems they are short of food and getting desperate.â
Video footage appeared to show a monkey chewing at the samples while perched atop a tree, then dropping part of the booty to the ground below.
Dr. Dheeraj Raj, a senior administrator at the college, said that the hospital planned to suspend the technician because he had shot videos of the monkeys instead of returning to work.
âThese are sensitive times,â he said.
A Sothebyâs auctioneer, Oliver Barker, will be in London, looking at screens showing associates in New York, Hong Kong and elsewhere, who will be on the phone with live bidders all over the world.
Itâs a far cry from the buzzing salesroom in Manhattan, where hundreds of collectors, dealers, art advisers and spectators typically hobnob over champagne before sitting side by side to raise their paddles in nail-biting battles for great works of art.
But this digitally streamed live auction on June 29 will allow Sothebyâs to proceed with its big-ticket biannual art sale, originally scheduled for May.
When experts recommend wearing masks, staying at least six feet away from others, washing your hands frequently and avoiding crowded spaces, what theyâre really saying is: Try to minimize the amount of virus you encounter.
The immune system can see off a few viral particles without making you sick. But how much virus is needed for an infection to take root?
It wouldnât be ethical for scientists to expose people to different doses of the coronavirus, as they do with milder cold viruses. Common respiratory viruses, like influenza and other coronaviruses, should offer some insight. But researchers have found little consistency.
For SARS, also a coronavirus, the estimated infective dose is just a few hundred particles. For MERS, it is much higher, on the order of thousands of particles.
The new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is more similar to SARS and, therefore, the infectious dose may be hundreds of particles, Dr. Rasmussen said.
But in the case of the new coronavirus, people who have no symptoms seem to have just as much virus in their bodies as those who are seriously ill, according to some studies.
Trump administration officials will only testify before Congress if committee leaders agree to conduct the hearings in person, the White House informed Congress on Friday.
The decision amounted to a direct challenge to new House rules that allow committees and lawmakers to conduct their work remotely during the coronavirus pandemic. But it was also symbolic of a growing partisan divide about how to conduct political business in an era of concerns about public health.
The new condition, outlined in a notice obtained by The New York Times, is in addition to a policy the administration instituted this spring, which bars administration and agency officials from testifying without the express permission of Mark Meadows, the White House chief of staff.
âThe Administration is willing to make accommodations, but only when Congress is similarly willing to make accommodations, including agreeing to appear in person,â the White House said, according to a notice sent to congressional staff members. The notice said exceptions could be made in instances in which a witness needed to be quarantined.
The policy comes as the House of Representatives plans to pull back from its usual activities. Democratic leaders announced on Friday that they expect to call the chamber into session for votes for only three weeks over the next three months â a substantially scaled-back summer schedule.
President Trump, in contrast, is ramping up his campaigning in the coming weeks. While he still has no mass rallies scheduled, he will resume in-person fund-raisers next month under new restrictions, according to Republican Party officials.
Mr. Trump will headline a June 11 fund-raiser at a private home in Dallas and a June 13 fund-raising event at his golf club in Bedminster, N.J. Only about 25 attendees are expected at each of the events, a nod to social distancing recommendations. But each attendee will have to submit to a virus test, complete a wellness questionnaire and pass a temperature screening.
Sui-Lee Wee is a New York Times correspondent who until recently was based in Beijing, where she covered gender, health care and other issues in China. This is her story of moving back to Singapore.
âHey, who are those men?â my 4-year-old son, Luke, said on a video call with his nanny in Beijing, as he peered at masked movers carting boxes.
Our nanny was coordinating the packing of our furniture into storage because my family was stuck in Singapore, about 3,000 miles away.
Back story: In March, China banned all foreign residents from returning, leaving us stranded in Singapore. My husband, Tom, and I did not want to pay rent on two apartments, so we decided we would pack up the only home my two kids had ever known.
The only problem was that desperately homesick Luke did not know this yet.
âTheyâre helping us fix some stuff,â Tom explained to him.
âWhat? All the doors are broken?â
A week earlier, our nanny had done a walk-through of our apartment and sent several video clips of our possessions: the pink hand-me-down balance bike that Luke never rode, Liamâs crib, Lukeâs fire-engine bunk bed. All of it felt frozen in time. Our Pompeii.
I couldnât decide how to broach the topic with Luke. I had always told him about what was happening in the world (within reason), but Beijing was his world. and he still asked repeatedly: âWhy are we staying in Singapore for SO LONG?â
So while I was giving him his bath, I dove in. âHey, you know the men you saw on the video today? They were moving our stuff into a big storeroom.â Pause. âAnd maybe one day, we can go back and get them again.â
âOh, OK,â Luke responded.
Thatâs it? I thought. It was a reminder not to foist my anxieties onto my children. The kids, hopefully, will be all right.
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Reporting was contributed by Ian Austen, Choe Sang-Hun, Emily Cochrane, Ben Dooley, Jenny Gross, Makiko Inoue, Andrew Jacobs, Annie Karni, Adam Liptak, Richard C. Paddock, Robin Pogrebin, Apoorva Mandavilli, Donald G. McNeil Jr., Alissa J. Rubin, Marc Santora, Kai Schultz, Somini Sengupta, Daniel Slotnik, Rory Smith, Sun Narin, Suhasini Raj, Anton Troianovski, Sameer Yasir, Vivian Wang and Sui-Lee Wee.